PHPBuilder - Native Language Support Page 4



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Native Language Support - Page 4

by: Didimo Emilio Grimaldo Tunon
|
February 13, 2001

Another way to deliver the content in various languages is by using message catalogs. In this case, there is one PHP file for each language. It must be a valid PHP file because the message catalog is nothing more than a collection of PHP constants, each referring to a particular message. The reasons why we use constants and not variables are twofold. First, the message does not change and by definition it is a constant. Second and most important, is that in PHP, constants are accessible at any place, even within functions. Whereas, if we use variables for the messages, we would have to resort to using a "global" declaration for each message used within a function.
The catalogdir class variable specifies the location of all message catalogs. It is an absolute path within the server, where each application will have its message catalog. The name of each catalog file has three parts: the application ID, the language code and a valid PHP extension so that it can be include()ed by CtNls.
Now, assuming we have an application called "myapp," we could use the following code at the initialization part:

<?php

$nls
->LoadMessages("myapp");

?>
This, as well as LoadPage(), can only be used after you have created a new instance of the CtNls object. This method expects at least one file (with the default language) in the message catalog. In this case, myapp.en.php, and inside, it must have valid constant declarations for each message. For example:

<?php

// Language: English
// File:  path/to/nls/myapp.en.php
define("MSG_WELCOME""welcome to our site");
define("MSG_REDIRECTED""You are being redirected to our new site");

?

<?php

// Language: Spanish
// File:  path/to/nls/myapp.es.php
define("MSG_WELCOME""Bienvenido a nuestras paginas");
define("MSG_REDIRECTED""Esta siendo redireccionado a nuestro " .
"nuevo sitio de web");

?>
Only one of these will be loaded, depending on the language priority assigned by the user. Then, somewhere in the PHP application, you can generate output like this:

<?php

echo MSG_WELCOME "<br>";
echo 
MSG_REDIRECTED;

?>

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