PHPBuilder - Create an LDAP Address Book



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Create an LDAP Address Book

by: Dannie Stanley
|
February 6, 2001

Introduction

This article will attempt to demonstrate how to connect to an LDAP server using PHP. Specifically, the example given will connect to a public LDAP server and perform searches. This example closely mimics the way Netscape® Communicator 4.* uses its address book to connect to LDAP resources.

Introduction to LDAP

Many have probably heard much about LDAP, but have no idea what it is or how it works. I will not attempt to teach everything there is to know about LDAP, but here is a brief description of the protocol.
LDAP is a protocol for distributing directory information to many different resources. Most commonly it is used as a centralized address book, but it can be much more powerful depending on an organization's needs.
LDAP in its most basic form is a standard way to connect to a database. The database is optimized for read queries. Thus, it retrieves information very quickly, in contrast to additions or updates which are slower. It is important to note that LDAP most often uses a hierarchal database, rather than a relational database to store data. Therefore, the structure is better represented with a tree than a table. As a result, SQL syntax will be rendered unusable.
In short, LDAP is a fast way to retrieve centralized, static data containing information about people and/or resources.

Requirements

  • PHP v.4 (previous versions may work but are untested) compiled with support for LDAP, I.E. --with-ldap.
  • Publically accessible LDAP directory. Two are provided in the example.

 

Overview of Example

  1. Setup Public LDAP Server Information
  2. Create LDAP Query
  3. Connect to LDAP Server
  4. Process Query if Connection Was Successful
  5. Format Output
  6. Close Connection
  7. Make HTML Form for Search Interface
  8. Echo Results

 

Setup Public LDAP Server Information

The first thing we need to do is define all of the LDAP servers we might want to search.
LDAP_NAME
The name of the new LDAP entry.
LDAP_SERVER
The IP address or hostname of the new LDAP entry.
LDAP_ROOT_DN
The root distinguished name of the new LDAP entry.

<?php

$LDAP_NAME
[0]           = "Netscape Net Center";
$LDAP_SERVER[0]         = "memberdir.netscape.com";
$LDAP_ROOT_DN[0]        = "ou=member_directory,o=netcenter.com";

$LDAP_NAME[1]           = "Bigfoot";
$LDAP_SERVER[1]         = "ldap.bigfoot.com";
$LDAP_ROOT_DN[1]        = "";



//If no server chosen set it to 0
if(!$SERVER_ID)
  
$SERVER_ID=0;
  
?>

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