PHPBuilder - Converting XML into a PHP data structure Page 5



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Converting XML into a PHP data structure - Page 5

by: PHP Builder Staff
|
December 25, 2002

Once we've built this class to wrap the PHP parser, we can create an instance of the class and have it parse the XML sample code we described above. Some sample code to do this would look as follows:

<?php
$xml2a  
= new XMLToArray();
$xml2a->parse($xml_text);
?>

Watching The XML Parsing Events: Callback Functions

What do we expect to happen when the above code is executed? Well, each time the xml_parse function encounters an XML tag in our document, it'll fire an event by calling the functions we told it to call. The term for this behavior is often refered to as a 'Callback Function'. Basically we want PHP to call us back at a given function name each time it triggers an event of a certain type.
By using the function, xml_set_element_handler, we are letting the PHP parser know that the open tag should invoke a method in our class named 'startElement' and all close tags should invoke a method in our class named 'endElement':

<?php
xml_set_element_handler
($this->parser"startElement""endElement");
?>
Additionally, we want to capture all the character data between tags, so we use the method, xml_set_character_data_handler to define the callback function as 'characterData':

<?php
xml_set_character_data_handler
($this->parser"characterData");
?>

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