Version: 1.0

Type: Sample Code (HOWTO)

Category: Databases

License: BSD License

Description: This is an unltra simple trigger written in plpgsql, the standard procedural language of postgresql. It updates the lm (last modified field) of a table every time a record is inserted or updated. Requires plpgsql.



-- FUNCTION --

CREATE FUNCTION modtime () RETURNS opaque AS '
    BEGIN
        new.lm :=''now'';
        RETURN new;
    END;
' LANGUAGE 'plpgsql';

-- TABLE --

CREATE TABLE dtest (
    id int primary key,
    fluff text,
    lm timestamp without time zone
);


--TRIGGER --

CREATE TRIGGER dtest 
  BEFORE UPDATE or INSERT ON dtest FOR EACH ROW EXECUTE PROCEDURE
    modtime(lm);

-- SQL TESTS --

INSERT INTO dtest (id, fluff) VALUES (1,'this is a test');
INSERT INTO dtest (id, fluff) VALUES (2,'this is another test');
SELECT * FROM dtest;
  1 | this is a test       | 2003-04-02 10:33:12.577089
  2 | this is another test | 2003-04-02 10:33:18.591148
UPDATE dtest SET id=3 WHERE id=1;
  3 | this is a test | 2003-04-02 10:34:52.219963  [1]
UPDATE dtest SET fluff='now is the time' WHERE id=2;
SELECT * FROM dtest WHERE id=2;
  2 | now is the time | 2003-04-02 10:38:06.259443 [2]
UPDATE dtest SET lm='2003-04-02 08:30:00' WHERE id=3;
SELECT * FROM dtest WHERE id=3;
  3 | this is a test | 2003-04-02 10:36:15.45687 [3]

[1] The timestamp has changed for this record when we changed the id field.
[2] The timestamp also changes for the fluff field.
[3] We tried to set lm, but the trigger on that field in dtest intercepted the change and forced it